Promoted to commander early in the American Civil War, he participated in Union expeditions [9] After Porter returned home, he completed the examination for passed midshipman, and soon after was assigned to duty in the Coast Survey. Due to his relative maturity and experience, greater than that of most naval lieutenants, Porter tended to be cocky and challenge some of his superiors, leading to conflict. [33] According to the organization charts, the persons in command of the blockading squadrons were to be rear admirals. The choice of McClernand, a volunteer political general, pleased Porter because he felt that all West Point men were 'too self-sufficient, pedantic, and unpractical. [26], Welles was in the meantime preparing an expedition for the relief of the garrison at Fort Sumter. In the summer of 1890, he suffered a heart attack; he survived but his health was clearly in decline. Od. Media in category "David Porter (naval officer)" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. In the next generation, David Porter and his brother John entered the fledgling United States Navy and served with distinction during the War of 1812. Born February 1, 1780 He was the son of Commodore David Porter (a naval hero of the War of 1812), half-brother of William D. “Dirty Bill” Porter, and the foster brother of David Glasgow Farragut. Major David Essex Porter served in the army during the Civil War, but resigned after two years in the peacetime army. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in the rank of captain and the honorary title of commodore. The ostensible purpose was to extend Union control into Texas,[48] but Banks was influenced by numerous speculators to convert the campaign into little more than a raid to seize cotton. He resigned from the U.S. Navy in 1826, then joined the Mexican Navy for three years. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a list of open tasks. First was Major General William T. Sherman, a man of similar temperament to his own, with whom he immediately formed a particularly strong friendship. [51] Secretary Welles believed that the head of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee, was inadequate for the task, so he at first assigned Rear Admiral Farragut to be Lee's replacement. David Porter is remembered. The next morning, Spitfire and other vessels taking part in the bombardment followed the channel that Porter had laid out and took up positions inside the harbor, where they were able to pound the forts and castle. He saw service in the First Barbary War, the … He participated in the ‘West Indies Anti-Piracy Operations’ of the U.S. and in the Mexican–American War before supervising the construction of the ‘Mare Island Naval Shipyard.’ On June 19, he emerged from the jungle, bitten by insects, but with the information that the State Department wanted. Union Blue. Farragut served during the War of 1812 under his foster father, naval officer David Porter, and received his first command in 1824. Guerrero, mounting 22 guns, was one of the finest vessels in the small Mexican Navy. Porter on his own led a charge of 68 sailors to capture the fort defending the city. ALS, 2pp, 7.5 x 9.75 in., Washington, DC, 18 Mar. The principal element of their plan required use of the steam frigate USS Powhatan, which would be commanded by Porter and would carry reinforcements to the fort from New York. Off the coast of Cuba on February 10, 1828, she encountered a flotilla of about fifty schooners, convoyed by Spanish brigs Marte and Amalia. [29] The first move would be to capture New Orleans. I've mentioned repeatedly that his writing is often not to be trusted (at least not without independent verification), and that he was aggressively (even unethically) ambitious. The academy at that time did little to prepare men for the duties that were expected of them. "[39], The Army was showing renewed interest in opening the Mississippi River at just this time, and Porter met two men who would have great influence on the campaign. [4] The naval tradition continued into later generations of the family's descendants. Fort Monroe in Virginia was also retained by the national government, but Virginia was still in the Union at the time of the Fort Sumter crisis. Grant agreed, and placed Major General Alfred H. Terry in charge of a second assault on the fort. David Porter, U.S. naval officer who commanded the frigate Essex on its two-year expedition against British shipping during the War of 1812. Fonction; Ambassadeur; Biographie; Naissance: 1 er février 1780 Boston, États-Unis. Intercepted by Lealtad, he could not escape. "Porter, David Dixon (1813-1891), naval officer" published on by Oxford University Press. Porter was assigned the task of aiding General John A. McClernand in opening the upper Mississippi. After a reprimand for an 1824 incident, Commodore David Porter decided to resign from the navy rather than submit. Updates? He accepted the assignment, and on March 15, 1846, he left home. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in the rank of captain and the honorary title of commodore. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Promoted as the second U.S. Navy officer ever to attain the rank of admiral, after his adoptive brother David G. Farragut, Porter helped improve the Navy as the Superintendent of the U.S. Borie had no knowledge of the navy and little desire to learn, so he leaned on Porter for advice that the latter was quite willing to give. After the Confederate capital of Richmond was captured by U.S. forces, Porter toured the city on foot, accompanying U.S. President Abraham Lincoln with several armed bodyguards. There, his pay was such that he could save enough to marry. Porter and Georgy Patterson were married on March 10, 1839. [25] They soon made it clear that they would use force if necessary to gain possession of Fort Sumter and Fort Pickens. David D. Porter was born on 8 June 1813 in Chester, Pennsylvania, a son of David and Evalina (Anderson) Porter. When it finally fell on July 4 (1863), Grant was unstinting in his praise of the assistance he had received from Porter and his men. The project was promoted by Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, who thought that the desert animals could be useful for the cavalry in the arid Southwest. David Dixon, age 12, was not affected by the disease. The mortars were beginning to run low on ammunition. Later, he reasoned that it had at least a redeeming feature in that Porter, whose loyalty had been suspect, was henceforth firmly attached to the Union. Porter commanded an independent flotilla of mortar boats at the capture of New Orleans. His was the first U.S. warship to become active in Pacific waters. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in the rank of captain and the honorary title of commodore. For the American Civil War naval figure, see David Dixon Porter, for other persons see David Porter (disambiguation). "Porter, David Dixon (1813-1891), naval officer" published on by Oxford University Press. He was among the survivors who surrendered and were imprisoned in Havana until they could be exchanged. David Porter (1780-1843) served in the Navy continuously from about 1798 to 1826, when he left after a being tried for carrying out a punitive incident against Fajardo, Puerto Rico for jailing one of his officers. In 1803 his ship, the Philadelphia, was captured off the coast of Tripoli, and Porter was a prisoner until peace was declared in 1805. He would have accepted, but he was delayed in his departure. He first went to sea with his father at age 11, on a mission to fight pirates in the West Indies. [52], The planned attack on Fort Fisher required the cooperation of the army, and the troops were taken from the Army of the James. To U.S. naval officer David Dixon Porter, army generals who were politicians–and politicians in general–were anathema. Doing so meant, however, that they had to run by the forts, which was contrary to the orders of Commodore Matthew C. Perry. Before he could leave, war had broken out again. [27], Lincoln did not punish Seward for his part in the incident, so Welles felt that he had no choice but to forgive Porter, whose culpability was less. He served as president of the society until his death the next year. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/David-Porter, HistoryNet - War of 1812: Commodore David Porter and the Essex in the South Pacific, David Porter - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). When his adoptive brother David G. Farragut was advanced from rank of vice-admiral to admiral, Porter took his previous position; likewise, when Farragut died, Porter became the second man to hold the newly created rank of admiral. The Spanish 64-gun frigate Lealtad put to sea. He achieved his greatest success as commander of the Essex in the War of 1812. Porter claimed for himself much credit for suggesting the target and proposing the tactics to be employed. In 1890 he became the founding president of the District of Columbia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Commodore David Porter offered to adopt James, to which the boy and George agreed. Promoted to captain in 1812, Porter won a formidable reputation as commander of the Essex in the next two years. [18], On June 13, 1847, Perry mounted an expedition to capture the interior town of Tabasco. In 1803 his ship, the Philadelphia, was captured off the coast of Tripoli, and Porter was a prisoner [6], In 1828, David Dixon accompanied his cousin, David Henry Porter, captain of the brig Guerrero, in another raid. Od. A public school in Little Neck, Queens N.Y. was named after Porter, PS 94. Naval Officer | Search for Naval Officer | About.com. He insisted that his crews submit to the methods of military discipline; his employers were noncommittal about his methods, but they were impressed by the results. He accepted an offer from the government of Mexico to become their General of Marine – in effect, the commander of their navy. Except for intervention by Commodore James Biddle, who acted favorably because Porter's father was a hero, his warrant as a midshipman would not have been renewed.[8]. Farragut served during the War of 1812 under his foster father, naval officer David Porter, and received his first command in 1824. It was expected that Brigadier General Godfrey Weitzel would command, but Major General Benjamin F. Butler, the commander of the Army of the James, exercised one of the prerogatives of his position to install himself as leader of the expedition. He often heaped undue praise upon a subordinate, but rarely could find much to admire in a superior. About.com/Naval Officer Commodore David Porter Memorial.jpg 3,456 × 5,184; 8.91 MB The appointment was dated February 2, 1829, when he was sixteen years of age; this was somewhat older than many midshipmen, some of whom had been taken in as boys. Porter commanded a number of U.S. naval ships, including the famous USS Constitution. Fort St. Philip had to follow suit. Porter, quoted in Melia, "David Dixon Porter", p. 238. Porter served in the Mexican War in the attack on the fort at the City of Vera Cruz. ), This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 13:40. The suitability of the Bay of Samana for U.S. Navy operations was also of interest. The flotilla was a semi-autonomous part of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, which was to be commanded by Porter's adoptive brother Captain David G. Born in Chester, Pennsylvania in 1813, Porter sailed to the West Indies with his father at the age of ten. Served under his father, David Porter, in the West Indies. 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